The language of this valley can claim a unique position among the modern Indo-Aryan languages. This is due to its antiquity which may well go back to the Vedic period. According to a high authority, Kashmiri is of a Dardic or Sinha source, both of which are Aryan languages. Kashmiri has been influenced by Persian and Sanskrit language considerably.
The official language of Jammu and Kashmir is Urdu. However, Kashmiri is the local language of Jammu & Kashmir.
Kashmiri, which is an Indo-Aryan language, is also known as Koshur. People living in Kashmir Valley speak Kashmiri. People living in Ladakh speak Ladakhi, whereas people in Jammu mostly speak Dogri.
Hindi is mostly spoken by the Kashmiri Pandits and the Gujjar people of the state. Urdu, an Indo-European language, is spoken by the Muslim population in Kashmir. The Urdu language sounds similar to Hindi.
English is spoken by the educated class and guides in the state.