Kargil War Memorial
Kargil war memorial, built by the Indian army following the war with neighboring Pakistan in the late nineties is frequented by travelers plying the highway connecting Srinagar to Leh. The memorial houses some of the major sequence of events that happened during the course of the war along with details of the Indian army personnel, who sacrificed their lives in the process of recapturing some of the peaks occupied by the Pakistan army; like the Tiger Hill and Tololong.
The memorial has a memento shop, selling hats, T-shirts, coffee mugs etc. But the main attraction of the whole memorial is the Sandstone wall, in the open, which has the names of all the Indian army personnel, who laid their lives during the Kargil war. Visitors to the memorial can also see from there, some of the peaks that the Indian army captured back from Pakistan.
The Kargil war memorial is by the side of the main highway going from Srinagar to Leh in Kashmir.
|DATE (1999)||HISTORICAL EVENT|
|May 3||Pakistani intrusion in Kargil reported by local shepherds|
|May 5||Indian Army patrol sent up; Five Indian soldiers captured and tortured to death.|
|May 9||Heavy shelling by Pakistan Army damages ammunition dump in Kargil|
|May 10||Infiltrations first noticed in Dras, Kaksar and Mushkoh sectors|
|Mid-May||Indian Army moves in more troops from Kashmir Valley to Kargil Sector|
|May 26||IAF launches air strikes against infiltrators|
|May 27||IAF loses two fighters — MiG-21 and MiG-27;. Flt Lt Nachiketa taken POW|
|May 28||IAF MI-17 shot down by Pakistan; four air crew dead|
|June 1||Pakistan steps up attacks; bombs NH 1A|
|June 5||Indian Army releases documents recovered from three Pakistani soldiers indicating Pakistan’s involvement|
|June 6||Indian Army launches major offensive in Kargil|
|June 9||Indian Army re-captures two key positions in the Batalic sector|
|June 11||India releases intercepts of conversation between Pakistani Army Chief Gen Pervez Musharraf, while on a visit to China and Chief of General Staff Lt Gen Aziz Khan in Rawalpindi, as proof of Pakistani Army’s involvement|
|June 13||Indian Army secures Tololing in Dras|
|June 15||US President Bill Clinton, in a telephonic conversation, asks Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to pull out from Kargil|
|June 29||Indian Army captures two vital posts — Point 5060 and Point 5100 near Tiger Hill|
|July 2||Indian Army launches three-pronged attack in Kargil|
|July 4||Indian Army recaptures Tiger Hill after an 11-hour battle|
|July 5||Indian Army takes control of Dras. Sharif announces Pakistani army’s withdrawal from Kargil following his meeting with Clinton|
|July 7||India recaptures Jubar Heights in Batalik|
|July 11||Pakistan begins pullout; India captures key peaks in Batalik|
|July 14||Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declares Operation Vijay a success. Government sets condition for talks with Pakistan|
|July 26||Kargil conflict officially comes to an end. Indian Army announces complete eviction of Pak intruders|
There were three major phases to the Kargil War. First, Pakistan infiltrated forces into the Indian-controlled section of Kashmir and occupied strategic locations enabling it to bring NH1 within range of its artillery fire. The next stage consisted of India discovering the infiltration and mobilizing forces to respond to it. The final stage involved major battles by Indian and Pakistani forces resulting in India recapturing some territory held by Pakistani forces and the subsequent withdrawal of Pakistani forces back across the Line of Control after international pressure.